Portugal: circa 1940. Broadside. This intriguing Second World War Portuguese broadside features a photograph of Winston Churchill alongside the closing lines from Churchill's address before the House of Commons of 4 June 1940 after the evacuation at Dunkirk.
Just two weeks after Churchill became wartime Prime Minister in May 1940, swift Nazi subjugation of France required rescue of Allied forces trapped in northern France. An incredible mobilization of British civilians helped effect a near-miraculous evacuation of 224,000 British and 111,000 French soldiers. Churchill gave one of his most defining – and defiant – wartime speeches, setting the tone that would carry his nation through long years of war still ahead. This famous speech concludes with Churchill's stirring defiance: "We shall not flag or fail, we shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender."
This broadside, printed on one side of a 14.75 x 10.5 inch (37.5 x 26.7 cm) sheet, is in good plus condition. There is a single pin hole at the top center, some light wear and creasing along the edges, very light spotting, and uniform light toning. Churchill’s speech excerpt concludes with his facsimile signature. We find no printer’s information or date, but the nature of the item, as well as identification of Churchill as “Primeiro Ministro”, leads to the reasonable conclusion of wartime publication. The broadside is matted in a black wood frame measuring 18 x 22 inches (45.7 x 55.9 cm). We will ship this large, framed item at cost.
At the outset of the Second World War the Portuguese Government announced that because Britain didn’t seek Portuguese assistance they would remain neutral in the war despite the 600-year-old Anglo-Portuguese Alliance. Thus it seems intriguingly pointed that Churchill’s speech excerpt is printed with a sentence out of order. Here the speech ends with Britain’s promise “to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone.”. Item #004774