Chicago: Copyright Associated Press, published by the Chicago Tribune, 1943. Photograph. This original press photograph captures Winston S. Churchill on the cusp of the electoral victory that brought him his second and final premiership. Churchill was photographed on 2 October 1951 at Liverpool Stadium where he gave an election address. In this image, Churchill holds his hat aloft on his walking stick while clenching a cigar in his teeth – a evocation of how he was often found and photographed among wartime crowds when touring bomb-damaged neighborhoods.
The gelatin silver print on matte photo paper measures 7.6 x 8.6 inches (19.3 x 21.8 cm). Condition is good, the image distinct and paper reasonably clean, though with a little wear to extremities and some overall rippling. The image bears evidence of art department modification to accentuate the lapels and lines of Churchill’s jacket. Affixed to the verso is an original newspaper clipping captioned “Winston Churchill, Britain’s war time premier, who opened Tory election campaign with address at Liverpool stadium, twirling his hat on a stick to acknowledge cheers of well wishers as he left stadium.” The caption attributes the photograph to “Associated Press Wirephoto”. An additional “NOTICE” ink stamp directly on the verso stipulates that “This picture is the property of the Associated Press…” A separate inkstamp of the “ENGRAVING DEPT” is dated “1951 OCT 4”. This stamp is presumably that of the Chicago Tribune; an accompanying document testifies that this print is an original archive photograph of the Chicago Tribune.
Having done so much to win the war, Churchill faced frustration of his postwar plans when his wartime government fell to a landslide victory for Labour in the General Election on 26 July 1945. During the middle of the Potsdam Conference with Stalin and Truman, Churchill was forced to relinquish the premiership to Clement Attlee – Churchill’s deputy prime minister during the war. Churchill would be relegated to Leader of the Opposition for more than six years. The 1950 General Election was the beginning of the end of Clement Attlee’s premiership. Labor’s majority was reduced to five seats. The next General Election – that of October 1951 – saw the Conservatives return to majority and Churchill to 10 Downing Street on 26 October 1951 for his second and final premiership (1951-1955).
During the first half of the twentieth century, photojournalism grew as a practice, fundamentally changing the way the public interacted with current events. Newspapers assembled expansive archives, with physical copies of all photographs published or deemed useful for potential future use, their versos typically marked with ink stamps and notes providing provenance and captions. Today these photographs exist as repositories of historical memory, technological artifacts, and often striking pieces of vernacular art. Item #006008