London: Punch, 1912. This original printed appearance of a Punch cartoon featuring Winston S. Churchill comes from the personal collection of Gary L. Stiles, author of Churchill in Punch (Unicorn Publishing Group, 2022). His book is the first ever effort to definitively catalog, describe, and contextualize all of the many Punch cartoons featuring Churchill.
This cartoon titled "A CHOICE OF CHARACTERS.” appeared thus on p.85 of the 31 January 1912 issue of Punch. The artist is Edward Tennyson Reed. The cartoon is captioned "Our one and only Winston. Let's see now; shall I go as Demosthenes, d'Artagnan, Dan O'Connell-Leno, or merely the usual Daniel in the lions' den? The last, I think; and, for all I care, let 'em choose their own den." Then 37 year old Churchill was First Lord of the Admiralty and already accustomed to the many roles required by public life. His sense of theatrics was already robust, versatile, and purposeful. Here the cartoonist, Reed, magnificently captures the facility of demeanor and persona that already made Churchill such a formidable public presence. It is rather stunning to consider what still lay ahead of Churchill when this cartoon was published, only a dozen years into his political career. That career would ultimately see Churchill sit in Parliament for more than 60 years and hold Cabinet office during every decade of the first half of the twentieth century, eventually including two premierships spanning more than eight and a half years at 10 Downing Street. Churchill’s parliamentary career would span the Boer War to the Cold War, with two world wars in between, and see the world of imperial cavalry charges inconceivably yield to the world of new global superpowers and nuclear weapons. Throughout all of those years and the challenges they held, Churchill would command a tremendous gift for multifaceted and aptly suited projection of his persona, captured here by a gifted cartoonist in 1912.
As a young man, the Harrow-educated cartoonist and caricaturist Edward Tennyson Reed (1860-1933) “spent time at the House of Commons sketching politicians in action.” In March 1890 he became a permanent member of the staff of Punch and by 1894 became the illustrator of Punch’s parliamentary pages, a post he held for eighteen years. As this cartoon of Churchill testifies, Reed “had a deft hand at sketching facial attributes amidst often absurd scenes.”(NPG) Reed was popular, not only as a cartoonist, but also as an after-dinner speaker and lecturer. His drawings were published in collections, displayed at exhibitions, and even purchased by King George V. In 1912, Reed left the staff of Punch and subsequently also drew for The Bystander, the Passing Show, the Sunday Times, Pall Mall Gazette, Sunday Evening Telegraph, and the Evening Standard. (ODNB)
Punch or The London Charivari began featuring Churchill cartoons in 1900, when his political career was just beginning. That political career would last two thirds of a century, see him occupy Cabinet office during each of the first six decades of the twentieth century, carry him twice to the premiership and, further still, into the annals of history as a preeminent statesman. And throughout that time, Punch satirized Churchill in cartoons – more than 600 of them, the work of more than 50 different artists.
It was a near-perfect relationship between satirists and subject. That Churchill was distinctive in both persona and physical appearance helped make him easy to caricature. To his persona and appearance he added myriad additional satirical temptations, not just props, like his cigars, siren suits, V-sign, and hats, but also a variety of ancillary avocations and vocations, like polo, painting, brick-laying, and writing. All these were skewered as well.
Some Punch cartoons were laudatory, some critical, and many humorous, like the man himself. Nearly always, Churchill was distinctly recognizable, a larger-than-life character whose presence caricature served only to magnify. Item #007111