Item #007895 An original Second World War Official U.S. Navy photograph of President Harry S. Truman at the White House on 6 September 1945 being presented with the signed Japanese Instrument of Surrender, accompanied in the image by Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army George C. Marshall, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, and Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal
An original Second World War Official U.S. Navy photograph of President Harry S. Truman at the White House on 6 September 1945 being presented with the signed Japanese Instrument of Surrender, accompanied in the image by Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army George C. Marshall, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, and Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal

An original Second World War Official U.S. Navy photograph of President Harry S. Truman at the White House on 6 September 1945 being presented with the signed Japanese Instrument of Surrender, accompanied in the image by Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army George C. Marshall, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, and Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal

Washington, D.C. United States Navy, 1945. Photograph. This is an original Second World War Official U. S. Navy photograph of President Harry S. Truman at the White House on 6 September 1945 being presented with the signed Japanese Instrument of Surrender, accompanied in the image by Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army George C. Marshall, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, and Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal.

The gelatin silver print measures 10.25 x 8 inches (26 x 20.3 cm). Condition is very good plus, the paper complete and the image clean, with no appreciable fading, toning, or scuffing. The verso features a four-line ink stamp reading “OFFICIAL U. S. NAVY PHOTOS | ANTHONY F. WIN | 2439 NORTH FRANCISCO AVE | CHICAGO 47, ILLINOIS”. Above and to the right of the ink stamp, written in pencil, is “Forrestal, Stimson Marshall & Truman”. The image is protected within a clear, archival sleeve.

After the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt on 12 April 1945, it fell to his Vice President, Harry S. Truman, to lead the United States through the end of the Second World War, including the decision to detonate atomic bombs over the Japanese Cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945, compelling the Japanese Empire to accept the inevitability of defeat and the necessity of unconditional surrender.

On 2 September 1945, the Instrument of Surrender was signed by the Japanese aboard the USS Missouri – the last battleship ever built by the United States – in Tokyo Bay. Prepared by the War Department and approved by President Harry S. Truman, the Instrument of Surrender set out in eight short paragraphs the complete capitulation of Japan. The opening words, “We acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government, and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept…” signified the importance attached to the Emperor’s role and the necessity of acceptance by both civil and military authority by the Americans who drafted the document. The second short paragraph made the unequivocal nature of the capitulation clear: “We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese armed forces and all armed forces under Japanese control wherever situated.” Japanese envoys Foreign Minster Mamoru Shigemitsu and General Yoshijiro Umezu signed their names. The time was recorded as 4 minutes past 9 o’clock. Thereafter, General Douglas MacArthur, Commander in the Southwest Pacific and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, also signed. He accepted the Japanese Surrender “for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan.”

On 6 September, Army Colonel Bernard Thielen brought the surrender document and a second imperial rescript back to Washington, D.C. The following day, Thielen presented the documents to President Truman in a formal White House ceremony. In this image, Truman looks down on the Instrument. Accompanying President Truman, visible, left to right, are Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, and Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army George C. Marshall. The documents were then exhibited at the National Archives before being formally received into the National Archives holdings. Item #007895

Price: $350.00

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